Cosmetic Surgery is Now a Thriving Sector

Cosmetic Surgery is not a New Term

Cosmetic surgery needs no introduction in today’s world where more of us are becoming more conscious to look beautiful. Indeed, you cannot say it is only the celebrities who want to look beautiful to stay in the glamour business. Common people like you and me also want to look equally attractive like a top heroine.

Defining This Type of Surgery

It is basically reconstructing a defective part of your body. For example, you have a flat thick nose. You are not happy with it and want a symmetrical nose. So, through cosmetic surgery you can enhance your nose to make it look right. Also, through this type of surgery, the surgeons will reshape your nose in such a way it perfectly balances with the face. Again, there are many people who have a nose that obstructs airway. A cosmetic surgeon can easily correct obstructed airway for proper breathing.

Worldwide Boom of Cosmetic Surgery

You cannot trace the time since people from all across the globe started looking for experienced surgeons to do different types of plastic surgery. There are a good number of hospitals and private health clinics that have experienced surgeons and state of the art facilities to give the best possible attention and care to patients trying to look attractive and younger. It is not only the celebrities who are spending large amount of money to enhance their looks or correct a birthmark. There are teenagers, executives and even housewives who are flocking at this health centers in large numbers to know more about cosmetic surgery, how much it cost and the result post-surgery. This type of surgical procedure is minimally invasive. The centers have some exceptionally talented cosmetic surgeons with years of experience. The surgeons do their best to make people look beautiful and enhance their look and confidence through minimally invasive procedures.

Low Fees and Surgery Costs

These days many health clinics perform cosmetic surgeries at a low-cost. In minimally invasive surgery or laparoscopy, the surgeon makes a small hole in the abdomen. It is also less painful and the patient heals quickly.

Types of Cosmetic Surgery

Nose reshaping: People with a flat nose, protruding nostrils, nose with narrow air passage go for this type of surgery. Also known as rhinoplasty, it helps to correct the nose shape as well as clear the airway to make breathing a hassle-free task.

Facial surgery: The doctors boost the aesthetic aspects of your face, mouth, teeth and jaws through skin, muscle, bones and cartilage grafting.

Arm lifting: Brachioplasty is a surgical procedure to correct your upper arms. Many people have excess fat on their upper arms and they are unhappy with it. They can go to a cosmetic surgeon to remove the excess fat and skin from their underarms.

Breast enlargement and reduction: If you have a small breast, you can enlarge it through minimally invasive surgical procedure. Again, if someone has large breasts they can cut the same through cosmetic surgery to boost their look and confidence.

Eyelid surgery: Surgeons removes fat and excess skin from the upper eyelids to improve eyesight.

Liposuction: In spite of dieting and regular exercise, the excess fat in your body does not burn. Liposuction helps to remove fat deposits.

Tummy Tucking: Doctors make small incisions in the abdomen to remove excess skin and fat. Muscles are then tightened to give a younger look.

Essential Things To Consider Before Going For Breast Fat Transfer

Breast fat transfer – fat grafting – is an innovative cosmetic plastic surgery alternative for breast augmentation. Are you contemplating whether to go for breast reconstruction or breast augmentation? Fat transfer uses fat cells from areas of your body where they are not needed to boost your breasts. Although the procedure requires multiple breast injections, the final outcome does not require any surgical procedure or show any scarring. Although many people are eligible for fat transfer, it does not work for some people. Dr. Raymond I. MD says the overall procedure can take up to 5 surgeries with each session needing between 300ml and 400ml of fat injections. Your eligibility and required dosage can only be decided when you discuss with your doctor. Here are 3 essential steps or things you should know before going for a breast transfer procedure.

Step One: Tissue Enlargement

First of all, you might need to use a tissue enlargement device for some time to prepare you for the procedure. This will depend to a large extent on the anatomy of your body and whether the move is recommended by your doctor. Brava is a battery-powered, huge suctioning device which matches the breasts like a bra and applies mild pressure on them. It stretches the breast tissue to prepare it for the forthcoming breast fat transfer surgery procedure. Using the sustained, gentle pressure to prepare the fat grafting area and make the most of the grafted fat is the theory behind the device. Dr. Raymond says the device is not recommended for every one as all users must have the right anatomy and be compliant before using it. The device is just an extra available technique at this point and not the standard.

Step Two: Fat Insertion

Your cosmetic plastic surgeon goes on to harvest fat from your body using contouring or liposuction. This is after the breasts tissue has been made viable and ready for the fat transfer. After harvesting the fat, he removes blood and oil from it before injecting tiny amounts all over the breast area. The surgeon has to ensure sufficient blood supply for the fat after injection. This is because it won’t stay in place without it and the desired long-lasting effect might be lost. Additionally, too much individual fat transfers can cause it to liquefy and die. It then becomes cyst below the skin and causes inflammation. But a successful breast fat transfer procedure provides eternal results without having to use any implants. As radiologists can now differentiate between images of relocated fat cells and possible cancerous calcifications, impending mammograms present no problems at all says Dr. Raymond.

Limits and Possible Risks

Breast fat transfer will not work for everybody even though it utilizes fat cells from the patient’s body. Your cosmetic plastic surgeon needs to harvest your fat in a careful manner. General limitations and possible risks comprise;

  • Inadequate Supply of Blood: Insufficient supply of blood is a common limitation. Like has been pointed out above, the grafted fat will not sustain its viable position if it does not get adequate supply of blood from the body.
  • Insufficient Fat: In a lot of instances, people who are thin do not have enough stored fats to sustain the breast fat transfer procedure. Liposuction complications like dimpling can occur if too much fat is aggressively harvested from any part of their body. Cosmetic abnormalities can arise from harvesting too much fat.
  • Extra Loose or Tight Skin: Not all patients’ skin can endure the fat grafting procedure. Patients’ skin can either be normal, too loose or too tight for a successful, normal procedure. Only consulting an expert will determine a patient’s skin viability.

With all the positive features offered by fat grafting, it is not suitable for everybody. It is a topic every patient must discuss with his surgeon who will observe his anatomy, donor site, compliance and chest. These will all aid them in deciding on the best breast fat transfer plan together.

The Major Types of Breast Implants To Choose From

There are many types of breast implants to choose from when going for a breast augmentation surgery. Nowadays, it seems everything that is useful for humans has so many options to choose from. Beginning with common food items to serious health choices like implants for the breasts, choosing what is best and right for you can be very overwhelming. Making the decision becomes hard considering the many available options. Nevertheless, because it is among the most vital decisions you must make for your body, you must choose the most effective implant for the breasts. This is so you can obtain the best possible outcomes. This article brings you the 3 most familiar ones so you can make a choice of what best suits you.

Silicone Breast Implants

Silicone breast implants are common and popular. Even though they were interrupted from the cosmetic plastic surgery field in the 1990s because of issues that were related to safety, they have now returned and are a lot safer than they ever were. They are normally filled with silicone and they offer women that use them a proportional, natural and beautiful feel. It normally takes some days for a woman to notice should they get ruptured. This is because silicone leaks very slowly into the patient’s body so it is not quickly noticed. But this poses no danger as silicone is a substance that the human body can dissolve completely. Vital features of silicone implants include;

  • Availability of diverse sizes.
  • A bit more expensive than saline breast implants.
  • Come with a textured or smooth shell surface.
  • Offer a feel that is more natural than that of saline implants.
  • When augmentation is thick-skinned, they offer less obvious rippling.

Gummy Bear Breast Implants

Gummy bear breast implants are rather new to the market and the cosmetic plastic surgery world. They provide women that use them with the most natural feeling and looking breasts yet to be provided by any other alternative. They are made from a gel of silicone that has a very high strength. These implants are becoming more popular by the day as more and more patients are choosing to use them for their breast augmentation surgeries. Their rising popularity is not unconnected to the most natural feel and look that they offer. Gummy bear breast implants hold their form and shape very well and for very long. They hold that form and shape much better and longer than both silicone and saline breast implants.

Saline Breast Implants

Saline breast implants also offer women who use them a rather natural appearance, proportion, feel and look. They are made from salt water or sale. They are very popular with patients whose main concern is health issues. This is one of the most positive features they offer to users. Should they rupture or burst at any point in time, they do not cause any issues or concerns from the health angle. This is because the saline solution which the implants contain is safely and easily absorbed into the patient’s body. Some vital features of saline breast implants comprise;

  • Availability of diverse sizes.
  • Come pre-filled or empty to be filled during implantation procedure.
  • Come with textured or smooth shell surface.
  • Permits implant size and volume adjustment after operation.
  • A bit less expensive when compared to silicone breast implant products.
  • Rupture of implant can be detected quickly.
  • In women whose breast tissue is thin, it is possible that the implant rippling be visible.

If choosing the right implant that will give you the best outcomes is your problem, you need to consult with your professional cosmetic plastic surgeon. He will then discuss the major types of implants for the breasts to choose from and the specific benefits of using each.

Rhinoplasty: What You Need to Know

Rhinoplasty is a medical procedure for the nose and it is often referred to as “Nose Job”. Rhinoplasty can be performed if you have any issues with the structure of your nose, right from the birth or if you have breathing issues. By performing rhinoplasty, you can change the size, position and width of your nose.

A rhinoplasty surgery can also be performed if there is a bump on the nose or also to correct an enlarged tip. Typically, rhinoplasty is performed either using an open procedure or a closed procedure.

  1. Open Rhinoplasty
  2. Endonasal Rhinoplasty

Open Rhinoplasty:

When performing an open rhinoplasty surgery the incisions are made from outside the nose. The open rhinoplasty surgery opens up the nose completely, which gives a better visual of the nasal structure. There will be a small scar at the base of the nose which would be hardly visible after the surgery is done.

Endonasal Rhinoplasty:

When performing an endonasal rhinoplasty surgery the incisions are made inside the nasal structure. Surgeons believe that endonasal Rhinoplasty gives them a clear view of the nasal structure. Unlike the open Rhinoplasty, this surgery completely eliminates the scar at the base of the nose.

Once a rhinoplasty surgery is done the results will last a lifetime. So, it is better you plan the surgery once your nose is fully developed so that the later growth will not disturb your surgery.

Now, the most important part of the surgery would be how you choose your surgeon. Deciding which plastic surgeon performs rhinoplasty will have lasting positive or negative effects. There are many plastic surgeon’s out there, but choosing the best one will give you the best results. Below are the few tips to help you choose the right surgeon:

  1. Doctor should be well experienced and should have good knowledge about what procedure he/she is about to do on you as a patient.
  2. He/she should be a certified surgeon and you should also check on his review from his previous patients.
  3. He/she should be able to answer all your queries regarding your procedure.
  4. He/she should clearly explain you the complications and risks associated with the surgery and what you should expect after the surgery.
  5. He/she should be able to prepare you mentally for the procedure.
  6. Being a plastic surgeon, he/she should go above and beyond to give you a “wow” experience.
  7. Review the surgeon’s before/after pictures of previous patients.

Lastly, but most importantly the surgeon should make you feel comfortable and should display excellent skills and manners when handling patients. Not only the doctor, but the entire staff should be able to make you feel at ease which would help bring out the best results for the rhinoplasty surgery.

If you are considering Rhinoplasty, the above information hopefully will help you make a better decision on whether you need it and who you choose to perform this surgery for you. A nose job not only can have great health benefits but can make you more confident in your appearance.

Choosing The Right Plastic Surgeon: Why It’s Important

Plastic surgery is a surgical area of expertise that focuses on the reconstruction of body and facial flaws. The flaws may be as a result of illnesses, birth defects, burns and distress. The main aim of the surgery is to reconstruct and improve body parts that are not functioning properly.

Most plastic surgeons prefer to go for higher levels of learning in order to join the field of cosmetic surgery. However, their main foundational expertise is plastic surgery.

Some of the procedures that a plastic surgeon performs include:

– Burn Repair Surgery

– Reconstruction Of Breasts

– Hand Surgery

– Congenital defect repair which includes extremity defect repair and cleft palate

Why You Should Choose The Right Surgeon

It’s important for you to find yourself the right surgeon. The surgeon you choose should be able to help you achieve your goal after the surgery.

Here are the most important reasons for choosing the right surgeon for your surgery:

1. Safety

Plastic surgery involves a lot of health risks that may cause complications late in your life. Choosing the right surgeon will ensure that you are safe during and after the operation. The health risks will be reduced drastically. The right surgeon will also carry out a small interview to find out what you are allergic to before beginning the operation. This ensures that nothing that causes allergic reactions is used on you during and after the procedure.

2. Correct Advice

The right surgeons will advice you accordingly. They will always ensure that their patients are given the correct information about the whole procedure whether positive or negative. A good surgeon gives an alternative treatment option if he/ she sees that patients don’t necessarily need the surgery. They also give patients advice on how they can take care of themselves at home after the procedure is carried out.

3. Follow Up Care

A good surgeon will ensure that the patient has proper follow up care. Ensure that you choose a surgeon who will schedule appointments after the procedure. Follow up appointments are important as they ensure that everything is okay and that you are responding well to the new change.

4. Brilliant Results

Good surgeons are always focused on providing their patients with the best results. You will most definitely be expecting the results to be close to what the surgeon promises if not exactly what you have in mind. Choosing a good surgeon will ensure that you have peace of mind as you are sure that your doctor will deliver the look you really want to achieve.

These are the reasons why it is important to go for a good surgeon that will perform the operation on you. Remember that there are quacks out there. For you to get yourself the perfect doctor, ask around from friends and relatives who have had plastic surgery done on them before. You can also get a lot of information on the internet on the best, most qualified and certified surgeons in your area.

Fat Freezing To Get Into Shape

Not surprising at all, as summer is the time when people make travel plans to sunny and sandy beaches. Preparations are not just confined to booking air tickets and beachfront accommodations. You need to get into shape as well.

“I haven’t been in shape for over a month” says a steno. The answer is not diet and rigorous workouts.

It is surgery. Sometime back liposuction was the buzzword for those who wanted to shed some pounds fast. In this procedure, a doctor makes the patients go under a needle, inserts a cannula under the skin to suck fat from a target area.

Today for people looking for body contouring, there are other options as well. Laser technology has minimized the need for invasive surgical procedures.

Presently the world over, more and more individuals are going in for laser treatment to get rid of scars, pigmentation, and acne.

A system called CoolSculpting is catching on. Manufactured and sold by Zeltics Inc., it has received approval for use in the United States by the FDA (Food and Drug Administration). In a nutshell, it is a fat freezing procedure that uses controlled cooling to get rid of stubborn fat that refuses to respond to diet and exercise.

Several cosmetic surgeons vouch, that the results are proven, noticeable, and long lasting.

Here are some key features of this innovative procedure in the market:

• This FDA approved fat reduction procedure makes use of precisely controlled cooling to target fat cells.

• It is not an answer for obesity. Rather, CoolSculpting addresses areas such as back, fat, bra rolls, stomach rolls, and love handles.

To explain this procedure in a simpler way, it uses rounded paddles, chosen from among four sizes to suction fat like a vacuum. The patient sits in an inclined chair for around 2 hours, while cooling panels crystallize the fat cells.

According to a doctor specializing in body contouring surgery, “People tolerate the mild discomfort very well”. He further adds, “The suction and cooling sensations eventually go away”.

Some cosmetic surgeons even go to the extent to say that their patients while being operated upon, work on their laptops, read, or enjoy a movie.

But is this procedure for everyone?

For people considering body contouring surgery specialists say this procedure is only for those looking for mild enhancements.

CoolSculpting is not a major fat removal procedure like liposuction.

Some of the things doctors look for in their patients include:

• Their age and skin quality

• Is the skin likely to rebound?

• How thick the tissue is. This is because the suction panel will be able to treat only the tissue it can access.

The good news is the procedure being non-invasive, the risks comparatively is very low.

For patients, what matters is choosing the right doctor.

What Is The Difference Between Cosmetic Surgery and Plastic Surgery

Like most people, you may think that cosmetic surgery is exactly the same as plastic surgery. A majority of plastic surgeons opt to focus their practice on the first one and so, both terms are frequently used in the same manner. However, this is technically incorrect. Though they are closely related, these types of surgery are not one and the same.

Distinct Objectives

Cosmetic surgery and plastic surgery alike are meant to improve the appearance of a patient, but they have different underlying philosophies directing the goals, research and training.

Cosmetic Surgery Aims to Enhance the Physical Appearance

This type of surgery entails principles, techniques and procedures focused on improving the appearance of a patient. Essentially, it aims to enhance symmetry, proportion and aesthetic appeal. This procedure can be done on all parts of the neck, head and body. Since the treated areas have normal functions, cosmetic surgery is only optional. It is performed by doctors from different medical fields, such as plastic surgeons.

Cosmetic surgery’s scope of procedures consists of:

Bread Enhancement: Augmentation, Reduction, Lift

Body Contouring: Gynecomastia Treatment, Liposuction, Tummy Tuck

Facial Contouring, Chin/Cheek Enhancement, Rhinoplasty

Facial Rejuvenation: Brow Lift, Eyelid Lift, Facelift, Neck Lift

Skin Rejuvenation: Botox, Filler Treatments, Laser Resurfacing

Plastic Surgery Aims to Repair Defects to Reconstruct Appearance and Normal Function

Plastic surgery is termed as a surgical specialty committed to reconstruct facial and body defects as a result of birth disorders, burns, disease and trauma. It aims to correct areas of the body that are not properly functional and are naturally reconstructive. Though majority of plastic surgeons choose to go through additional training and also perform cosmetic surgery, their surgical training is based on reconstructive plastic surgery. As a matter of fact, the American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons name was changed to the American Society of Plastic Surgeons in 1999 to strongly convey the message that “reconstructive and plastic surgeons are one and the same”.

Plastic Surgery Procedure Examples:

  • Burn Repair Surgery
  • Breast Reconstruction
  • Congenital Defect Repair: Extremity Defect Repair, Cleft Palate
  • Hand Surgery
  • Scar Revision Surgery
  • Lower Extremity Reconstruction

Plastic surgery training can be completed by means of a post-graduate residency program.

Physicians that have obtained plastic surgery board certification have to finish a general surgery residency and an additional two years in the specific field. Though the residency programs may include cosmetic surgery as part of a surgeon’s training, they usually do not come with training on each cosmetic procedure.

So, the “board certified plastic surgeon” title shows a particular level of training and experience relating to plastic surgery, but does not specify the same thing regarding cosmetic surgery, since the residency training needed to be get board certification in plastic surgery may not come with training regarding most common cosmetic procedures. It does not reveal whether or not the doctor is more trained in cosmetic surgery than a board certified physician in another area of expertise.

Cosmetic surgery training is principally completed after residency training.

At present, there are no residency programs in the US that are exclusively dedicated to this type of surgery. For this reason, cosmetic surgeons have to acquire training and experience after residency training has been completed. To do this, they have to complete fellowship following residency.

The Art Of Finding The Best Cosmetic Clinic

While looking yourself in a mirror and see a few changes in your body like acne, fatness, stretch marks which appeared due to pregnancy or weight gain. It decreases the confidence of a person on a great extent. That is the motivation behind why many cosmetic clinic began using latest technology with a specific goal to revive & rejuvenate the beauty that everybody needs. So, it is essential to search for a popular and reliable cosmetic clinic which can give the best results.

Searching for the best cosmetic clinic is really difficult and confusing for people who have no previous knowledge about this field. It is additionally quite common for many people to become nervous and find surgery quite scary. That is the reason, it is ideal to search for a specialist who is qualified and authorised in this field.

Let’s discuss a few guidelines which can assist in finding the best cosmetic clinic.

  • Experienced Cosmetic Surgeon’s Clinic

With the assistance of the web and media advertising, you can easily check and compare the cosmetic surgeries offered by various cosmetic clinics. At the point when looking for an accomplished specialist, to start with, check the name of the cosmetic surgeon and his accomplishments in the field of cosmetic surgery.

  • Clear Details Of Services That Are Provided

There are a few cosmetic clinic that offer distinctive services. It is vital to check the website of the clinic for more details. Some clinics might even hide the post effect of some surgeries. Therefore, it’s highly recommended that you should get more detail not only about the surgery, but also the clinic you have chosen to get that surgery.

  • Technology Used & Level Of Cleanliness At The Cosmetic Clinic

Before making an appointment, don’t hesitate to check around and visit every clinic you’ve shortlisted. Check if the tools, equipment and machines are sanitized properly. Since last decade, there has been great advancement in the medical industry and that’s why most of the surgeries are performed with the help of latest machines. For instance, if you’re planning to get skin treatment, then ensure that all the equipment used is clean and fresh. Make sure that the syringes are new and the chemicals used are not extremely harsh for your skin.

  • Check The Cost Of The Surgery

While exploring, think about the cost of every surgical treatment and learn more about how it is done. The cost of the treatment largely depends on type, tools, materials used, duration and the intensity of the surgery.

  • Take Advice From Friends & Read Reviews

You should be very careful and sceptic while choosing a cosmetic clinic for your treatment. Continuously look for advice from family members and friends you trust or from somebody who had experience with any cosmetic surgery recently. Search reviews and testimonials of other patients.

  • Don’t Fall Into Any Traps

Remember, a botched cosmetic surgery might make you look uglier. So, you need to be extra cautious while choosing any cosmetic clinic for your surgery.

Conjunction Of Abdominoplasty With Rectus Plication And Body Sculpting

The rectus muscle is located in the abdomen, and if worked out with a lot of exercise, you can get six or eight packs. However, if it had been as simple as it sounds, then a protruding belly, or muffin tops would not have been an aesthetic complaint of the vast majority.

It often happens that after massive weight loss, there is a lot of loose skin. Skin as well muscle tones, becomes lax by being stretched to an ultimate limit of intra-abdominal volume in obese people or during pregnancy. Though after pregnancy, the skin’s normal elasticity usually resumes. But massive weight loss after obesity, largely sees skin sagging, and drooping downwards that may be cosmetically unwanted. That is where body contouring treatment makes a difference, and tummy tuck is just one of them. The idea is to systematically remove the excess sagging skin from the abdomen and attain a toned body.

Abdominoplasty – Tummy Tuck

An incision is made along the lower abdominal area from hip bone to hip bone, and around the belly button, to release the flap of skin from the abdomen and opened it up. Excess photic skin is removed from the lower end of the skin flap.

• Rectus Plication

Rectus Plication in a tummy surgery usually refers to the step of muscle strengthening after the skin excision. The rectus muscles are distanced and becomes thin, by the increased intra-abdominal sphere, which is placated- or hemmed for a diastasis repair.

Body Sculpting

The six-pack abs is more significant in men, while the women’s rectus muscles, soft toned belly, than packs. If you have only dreamt of six packs and don’t physically qualify to do the kind of exercise, to achieve it with body sculpting, which is a core strength compiling, non-invasive fat reduction procedure to help people tone their body contours.

Body sculpting is widely performed using VASER HI Def Liposculpture, which is to groove a person’s fat, using specialized liposuction probes, to create a definition in the skin.

Abdominoplasty Is Not For Weight Loss

Many people think that weight loss surgery consists of removing extra pounds of mass from a person’s body to lose weight. The concept makes a close resemblance to what a tummy tuck or abdominoplasty surgery may look like, which is to remove excess skin and fat off a person’s abdomen. However, this is not true.

Weight loss surgery, refers to bariatric surgery, which is performed as a last resort for severely obese people. Bariatric surgery constricts the gastric band to lessen food intake. Since, with obese people their gastric band expands, with the consumption of 3times more food than normal. The patient has to commit to lifelong dieting and exercising routine to continue to have a stable weight.

Cosmetic Surgery – What You Should Know

Prior to setting an appointment with a cosmetic surgeon, people should think about their reasons for wanting to change their appearance. Cosmetic surgery can result to dramatic and lasting changes in their physical appearance, so it is crucial to realize how such changes may affect their feelings and emotions.

Though cosmetic surgery can successfully change most physical features, it cannot change others. The best candidates for cosmetic surgery are those who:

  • Have reasonable expectations with the results that can be achieved
  • Recognize the medical risks, effects of surgery on their personal and professional life, physical effects while healing, lifestyle changes during time of recovery and costs involved
  • Have talked about their surgery goals with their surgeon, plus resolved the questions
  • Have controlled diabetes or other serious medical conditions
  • Do not have a history of smoking or are willing to avoid smoking (secondhand smoke) or nicotine products such as chewing tobacco, nicotine patches, lozenges or gums for six weeks prior to and after surgery
  • Have a stable weight for at least 6 months

Reasons to avoid smoking when considering cosmetic surgery

  • Carbon monoxide, nicotine plus other toxins reduce the flow of blood to the skin.
  • Smoking has an effect on the healing of a wound and worsens scarring.
  • Smoking raises the risks of complications following anesthesia (hypertension, pneumonia and blood clots).


Surgeries like cosmetic procedures do not come without risks. People that have a history of lung disease, cardiovascular disease, obesity and lung disease are more prone to developing complications like pneumonia, heart attack, stroke or blood clots in lungs or legs. Smoking increases risks as well, and gets in the way of healing.

Meeting with the surgeon will also discuss these risks and others associated with the patient’s medical history.

Surgical procedures could come with the following possible complications:

  • Complications involving anesthesia like blood clots, pneumonia and seldom, death
  • Infection at the incision location that can make scarring worse and require another surgery
  • Accumulated fluid underneath the skin
  • Mild bleeding that may need another surgery, or severe bleeding that requires a transfusion
  • Noticeable scarring/skin breakdown, which happens when healing skin detaches from healthy skin and needs to be immediately removed through surgery
  • Tingling and numbness caused by nerve damage which may become permanent

Things to expect

  • Care should depend on the patient’s personal needs.
  • Have realistic expectations, aiming to improve and not to be perfect.
  • All people are asymmetrical.
  • Every patient has a different outcome.
  • Before surgery, the patient will visit the surgeon and a health care team member.
  • The patient should be in a good physical and mental health.
  • Avoid all nicotine products plus secondhand smoke for six weeks before and after surgery.
  • Scars from a surgery are permanent.
  • Swelling and bruising are only temporary.
  • Some wounds need to be drained.
  • Recovery period depends on a person and procedure, but most cosmetic surgeries require 6 to 12 week minimum.
  • Most insurance policies do not cover cosmetic procedures.
  • Some patients should undergo further surgeries to accomplish their goal.
  • The gap between surgeries is four months minimum.